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Compression Test. Help Diagnose.


tashakes

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I'm still trying to sort out completely my engine hesitation. I have a 318i EFI conversion that came with the car. From 2000 rpm and up I get some hesitation and I don't feel like the engine is developing full power. I did a compression test and the result is the pic attached. It goes top left 1, 2 then the lower left 3 then 4.

I have read that all cylinders must be the same and anything over 125 is good. So help me diagnose if the engine is good and I still need to fiddle with the FI.

Thanks.

post-39605-0-04273300-1379997654_thumb.j

76 BMW 2002 Arktisblau M42 5 spd - Born 5.21.76 - daily money pit

06 Aston Martin V8 Vantage 6 spd - garage queen *  73 Mustang Convertible 351C 

15 VW Touareg V6 Executive - daily driver * 23 Audi e-tron SUV (wife's)

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All looks good to me. Older motor being a little different from each other is typical. Did you do it with the throttle wide open? That will even your results as well. And you're doing better than my 100 psi numbers!

-Nathan
'76 2002 in Malaga (110k Original, 2nd Owner, sat for 20 years and now a toy)
'86 Chevy K20 (6.2 Turbo Diesel build) & '46 Chevy 2 Ton Dump Truck
'74 Suzuki TS185, '68 BSA A65 Lightning (garage find), '74 BMW R90S US Spec #2

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Did it without touching the gas. But it should not make a difference cause it's electronic injection right? Thanks for the response. I thought it had decent numbers.

76 BMW 2002 Arktisblau M42 5 spd - Born 5.21.76 - daily money pit

06 Aston Martin V8 Vantage 6 spd - garage queen *  73 Mustang Convertible 351C 

15 VW Touareg V6 Executive - daily driver * 23 Audi e-tron SUV (wife's)

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Do it again with your foot hard on the throttle , this opens up the butterfly in the throttle body so that you get unrestricted air flow, rotor button out and all plugs out.

72/2002 Inca

72tii/2002 "Apple"

70/2002 "Five "

73/2002 "Freeda"

2007 Lotus 7 Replica

2011 Ford xr6 Ute

85 E30 325

70 1600-2 "Orange"

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I recently tested my '73 tii with a stone cold engine.  Plugs out but forgot to floor the pedal.  Results were 130-140.

 

Tim - what is the "rotor button"?

 

TR

'71 MGB - sold   '74 2002 - sold

'89 XR4Ti - sold  '94 Miata R Package - sold

'73 tii - restoration project - sold

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Do it again with your foot hard on the throttle , this opens up the butterfly in the throttle body so that you get unrestricted air flow, rotor button out and all plugs out.

+1

must have throttle wide open. has nothing to do with EFI.  unrestricted airflow to the cylinders is important for a consistent accurate reading.  engine should also be warm.

 

fyi - gas pedal does not control the injectors or fuel flow. all it does is control the air flow.  really should be called an "air pedal;".... ;)

 

your initial numbers, if the test was done right, are actually pretty bad.  they are all low and there is a huge variance.

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2xM3

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except for the determining throttle position/ desired load part... but yes. throttle open. anything more than a 20% variance is too much.

if you suspect worn cam lobes, you can pull the valve out of the bottom of the compression tester, put it in like you're doing a compression test and start the engine. it's called a running compression test.

Edited by mikebontoft
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Another compresstion test trick:  after testing compression on all four cylinders (cold engine, throttle fully open), then squirt a little motor oil (one shot from a pump oiler is plenty) down each cylinder and try it again.  If the numbers come up significantly, then your rings are worn.  If it stays pretty much the same and you're still burning oil, then you have worn valve guides/stems/seals.

 

cheers

mike

'69 Nevada sunroof-Wolfgang-bought new
'73 Sahara sunroof-Ludwig-since '78
'91 Brillantrot 318is sunroof-Georg Friederich 
Fiat Topolini (Benito & Luigi), Renault 4CVs (Anatole, Lucky Pierre, Brigette) & Kermit, the Bugeye Sprite

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I did my test on a warm engine that's what I read. Should it be with a cold engine? With WOT? I will try your test Mike. I am burning plenty of oil. Would that cause the hesitation?

I did my test on a warm engine that's what I read. Should it be with a cold engine? With WOT? I will try your test Mike. I am burning plenty of oil. Would that cause the hesitation?

76 BMW 2002 Arktisblau M42 5 spd - Born 5.21.76 - daily money pit

06 Aston Martin V8 Vantage 6 spd - garage queen *  73 Mustang Convertible 351C 

15 VW Touareg V6 Executive - daily driver * 23 Audi e-tron SUV (wife's)

sig_banner.jpg.5aeae468aebf7c560d52fe62d249efbd.jpg

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Always WOT for compression test, warm or cold, dry or wet. Warm engine best, but cold gives some info if it engine won't run. Either warm or cold, adding a bit of oil and doing it a second time (wet test) gives info as said.

 

BTW, the gas pedal on a tii control both air AND fuel :)

 

--Fred '69 & '74tii

--Fred

'74tii (Colorado) track car

'69ti (Black/Red/Yellow) rolling resto track car

'73tii (Fjord....RIP)

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did you read the responses in this thead?

Sure did, this is my first time doing a compression test and want to learn to do it right, I was not clear if hot OR cold, and WOT did not make sense, but now I'm learned....

 

Always WOT for compression test, warm or cold, dry or wet. Warm engine best, but cold gives some info if it engine won't run. Either warm or cold, adding a bit of oil and doing it a second time (wet test) gives info as said.

 

BTW, the gas pedal on a tii control both air AND fuel :)

 

--Fred '69 & '74tii

Thanks, this pretty much narrows it down.

76 BMW 2002 Arktisblau M42 5 spd - Born 5.21.76 - daily money pit

06 Aston Martin V8 Vantage 6 spd - garage queen *  73 Mustang Convertible 351C 

15 VW Touareg V6 Executive - daily driver * 23 Audi e-tron SUV (wife's)

sig_banner.jpg.5aeae468aebf7c560d52fe62d249efbd.jpg

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On a 318 conversion, I'd look at the distributor-

it's easy to get it spinning the wrong way, and

that will give you decent low torque, but power falls

off as the distributor retards (instead of advances)

the spark.

 

Your problem is not the compression- while it's not ideal, it's not

bad, and certainly not bad enough to cause your symptoms.

 

hth

 

t

"I learn best through painful, expensive experience, so I feel like I've gotten my money's worth." MattL

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Watch the gauge while you are cranking the (warm, WOT) engine.  Does the gauge shoot high, then level out a little higher or does it slowly build pressure as you crank 4-5 times?   On a tii, I believe you pull # 11 fuse to disable the fuel pump.

Jim Gerock

 

Riviera 69 2002 built 5/30/69 "Oscar"

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